Frameworks and Models

On this page, you will find helpful tools and information on theoretical frameworks for implementation and improvement sciences.

Not sure what to look for? Try the Dissemination & Implementation Model Search 

This online tool was developed by the Center for Research in Implementation Science and Prevention. This tool is useful for researchers new to implementation science who are unsure how implementation frameworks may differ from social behavioral and other familiar conceptual models.

Commonly Used Conceptual Models in Implementation Science

Model Resources

Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR)

  • CFIR Fact Sheet
  • CFIR Guide
    • For individuals considering using the CFIR to evaluate an implementation or design an implementation study, visit this site for more information.
  • Improvement Science Research Network (ISRN)
    • The ISRN aims to accelerate the development and dissemination of interprofessional improvement science in a systems context across mutliple sites and employs the CFIR to guide their research.
  • CFIR Presentation
    • Led by Laura J. Damschroder and Dr. Teresa Damush, this presentation includes an introduction to the CFIR and application of the framework in research settings.

Facilitating Adoption of Best Practices (FAB)

Implementation Climate

  • “The capacity for change, receptivity of involved interventions, and the extent to which using that intervention will be expected, rewarded, and supported by an organization”
  • What it is:
    • Key predictor regarding the consistency and quality of organizational members’ use of a specific innovation.
    • Strategic focus and is innovation-specific.
    • Requires collection of multi-dimensional perceptual data from expected innovation users.
July 22, 2011
The Meaning and Measurement of Implementation Climate

Practical, Robust, Implementation and Sustainability Model (PRISM)

Precede/Proceed Model

Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (PARiHS)

  • PARiHS Framework Presentation
    • Led by Dr. Philip M. Ullrich, this presentation includes of a breakdown of the PARiHS framework and an example on using the framework for an implementation project.

Organizational Readiness for Implementing Change (ORIC)

  • Shared psychological state in which organizational members feel committed to implementing an organizational change and confident in their collective abilities to do so”
  • What it is:
    • Organizational members’ change commitment (determination to implement change) and change efficacy (ability) to implement organizational change
    • Varies as a function of how much organizational member’s value the change and how they value three key determinants of implementation capability: task demands, resource availability, and situational factors.
    • Multilevel construct: Readiness can be present at the individual, unit, group, department, or organizational level.
March 20, 2009
A Theory of Organizational Readiness for Change

Sticky Knowledge

Reach Effectiveness Adoption Implementation Maintenance (RE-AIM)

Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF)

  • Systematic Approach using TDF
    • Simon French discusses in this article documentation of the development and use of the Theoretical Domains Framework to advance the science of implementation research.