By Rousseau Nutter

Star tracking in the winter in Boston

January 13th, 2021

Like many spacecraft, CuPID uses a star tracker to identify its pointing or attitude.  The star tracker uses a catalog of stars and compares with observations of measured star patterns to identify pointing at a given moment in time.

After a brief failed attempt at viewing through the light pollution from the top of the Photonics building on campus in the middle of Boston, we sought a new venue outside the city. The next stop was the dark backyard of a team member’s home a few miles outside the city with a wide view of the sky.

Once we found a clear (but cold!) night the we packed up the spacecraft and test equipment then drove out to the new test site in Groveland, Mass.

Our Test Bench ground station recreated on site

After setting up a living room test control room, the spacecraft was setup outside and CuPID was ready to go. A useful design feature of CuPID’s custom transport case, is that the star tracker can view the sky without fully removing the spacecraft from the housing. As the sun dipped below the horizon and the stars came out shortly after 6pm, we began making measurements.

Setting up CuPID on a dark chilly night

The goal for this initial test was to confirm CuPID could observe stars, track and reference with the star catalog, and provide a solution. With these components CuPID will be able to orient itself while in orbit. The test was a success!! CuPID both saw stars and provided pointing solutions through the flight computer rapidly as the spacecraft was articulated. The team continues to work through data collected in the testing to confirm the results. Also during the test we set up our DSLR camera to take a picture of one area of sky CuPID was pointed at.  A beautiful night sky and evening for an experiment.

Output of the CuPID star tracking software with CuPID seeing stars!

Image of the night sky taken with the DSLR

CuPID’s first time outside

June 2nd, 2020

The past few weeks have been full of X-ray calibration testing. But this week we shifted to a test of CuPID’s ability to track GPS satellites. If successful, the ability to track GPS satellites will allow us to triangulate CuPID’s position at any given time. To best do this test we had to be outside with clear lines of sight. As this was CuPIDs first time outside and we are still in the midst of a pandemic, we spent a full day before the test preparing for transport of CuPID to the roof of the building and planning for safety measures needed to be maintained to keep all those involved safe and healthy.

Keeping track of CuPIDs status as it tracks the GPS satellites

Once on the roof, and everything was set up, we began the test. Within seconds CuPID had recognized 6 GPS satellites! We let CuPID run for 10 minutes in a variety of variations and were holding a steading tracking of 9-10 satellites at any given time.

Emil confirming that the camera was working

We concluded the test with great success and had some extra time to install a new camera pointed at our antenna array to be able to view the antenna without needing to access the roof. Emil was very excited to have a working camera again. After a successful day of testing, and some golden tans for all of us, CuPID was brought to the lab and put back in the vacuum chamber for further X-ray testing.

Keeping CuPID cool throughout this test. The umbrella did not seem to effect the connection to the GPS satellites.

We are all very lucky and grateful to be able to be healthy and have the ability to continue to make progress during these trying times.