Research Papers

  • Perpetuating Inequality: What Salary History Bans Reveal About Wages

    James Bessen, Erich Denk, and Chen Meng

    New research shows the positive effects of laws prohibiting employers from asking about job applicants' prior salaries in reducing pay gaps for women and minorities.

  • Firm-Level Automation: Evidence from the Netherlands

    James Bessen, Maarten Goos, Anna Salomons, and Wiljan van den Berge

    New research on evidence of effects of automation on firms and workers in the Netherlands.

  • GDPR and the Importance of Data to AI Startups

    James Bessen, Stephen Michael Impink, Lydia Reichensperger, and Robert Seamans

    New research on the impact of the European Union’s General Data Protection Regime (“GDPR”) and data regulation on AI startups using unique survey data of commercial AI startups.

  • Tying and Exclusion in FRAND Licensing: Evaluating Qualcomm

    Erik Hovenkamp and Timothy Simcoe

    New analysis of the Qualcomm decision in terms of how Qualcomm’s commitments to license its standard-essential patents on “fair, reasonable, and nondiscriminatory” (FRAND) terms bear on the antitrust analysis and how FRAND might have been used to better justify finding an antitrust duty-to-deal with competitors.

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