Book Chapters 

(1) X. Ling*ǂ, Huang, S., Kong, J. & Dresselhaus, M. “Graphene-Enhanced Raman Scattering (GERS): Chemical Effect.” Chapter 15, 415–449 (WORLD SCIENTIFIC EUROPE), 2018. DOI: 10.1142/9781786344243_0015 (Link)  Book category: (Link)


Published Articles  (*: equal contribution; ǂ: corresponding author)   


(69) N. N. Mao, Y. X. Lin, Y. Q. Bie, T. Palacios, L. B. Liang, R. Saito, X. Ling, J. Kong & W. A Tisdale,  “Resonance-Enhanced Excitation of Interlayer Vibrations in Atomically Thin Black Phosphorus”, Nano Letters, 2021, in press (Link)

(68) H. Kitadai, M. Yuan, Y. Q. Ma & Xi Lingǂ, “Graphene-Based Environmental Sensors: Electrical and Optical Devices“, Molecules, 2021, in Press (Link)

(67) X. Z. Wang, J. Cao, Z. G. Lu, A. Cohen, H. Kitadai, T. S. Li, Q. S. Tan, M. Wilson, C. H. Lui, D. Smirnov, S. Sharifzadeh & Xi Lingǂ, “Spin-Induced Linear Polarization of Photoluminescence in Antiferromagnetic van der Waals Crystals”, Nature Materials, 2021, Accepted

(66)R. Li, X. Y. Ma, J. M. Li, J. Cao, H. Z. Gao, T. S. Li, X. Y. Zhang, L. C. Wang, Q. H. Zhang, G. Wang, C. Y. Hou, Y. G. Li, T. Palacios, Y. X. Lin, H. Z. Wang & Xi Lingǂ, “Flexible and High-Performance Electrochromic Devices Enabled by Self-Assembled 2D TiO2/MXene Heterostructures”, Nature Communication, 2021, 12:1587 (Link)


(65) A. Rendos, R. Li, S. Woodman, X. Ling & K. A. Brown, “Reinforcing Magnetorheological Fluids with Highly Anisotropic 2D Materials“, ChemPhysChem, 2020, In press (Link)

(64) N. Wang, N. N. Mao, Z. E. Wang, X. Yang, X. Zhou, H. N. Liu, S. L. Qiao, X. F. Lei, J. R. Wang, H. Xu, X. Ling, Q. Y. Zhang, Q. L. Feng & J. Kong, “Electrochemical Delamination of Ultralarge Few‐Layer Black Phosphorus with a Hydrogen‐Free Intercalation Mechanism”, Advanced Materials, 2020, In press (Link)

(63) Y. Wang, J. Balgley, E. Gerber, M. Gray, N. Kumar, X. Lu, J.-Q. Yan, A. Fereidouni, R. Basnet, S. J. Yun, D. Suri, K. Hikari, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, X. Ling, J. Moodera, Y. H. Lee, H. O. H. Churchill, J. Hu, L. Yang, E.-A. Kim, D. G. Mandrus, E. A. Henriksen & K. S. Burch, “Modulation Doping via a Two-Dimensional Atomic Crystalline Acceptor”, Nano Letters, 2020, 20, 12, 8446–8452 (Link)

(62) J. B. Wu, H. Y. Chen, N. Yang, J. Cao, X. D. Yan, F. X. Liu, Q. B. Sun, X. Ling, J. Guo & H. Wang, “High tunnelling electroresistance in a ferroelectric van der Waals heterojunction via giant barrier height modulation”, Nature Electronics, 2020, 3, 466472 (Link)

(61) W. Luo, A. D. OyedeleY. Gu, T. Li, X. Wang, A.V. Haglund, D. Mandrus, A.A Puretzky, K. Xiao, L. Liang & X. Lingǂ, “Anisotropic Phonon Response of Few‐Layer PdSe2 under Uniaxial Strain”, Adv. Funct. Mater. 2020, 2003215. (Link)

(60) M. J. Gray, N. Kumar, R. O’Connor, M. Hoek, E. Sheridan, M. C. Doyle, M. L. Romanelli, G. B. Osterhoudt,.Y. Wang,.V. Plisson, S. Lei, R. Zhong, B. Rachmilowitz, H. Zhao, H. Kitadai,.S. Shepard, L. M. Schoop, G. D. Gu, I. Zeljkovic, Xi Ling & K. S. Burch, “A Cleanroom in a Glovebox”, Review of Scientific Instruments, 2020, 91, 073909. (Link)

(59) B. Han, Y. Lin, Y. Yang, N. Mao, W. Li, H..Wang, K. Yasuda, X. Wang, V. Fatemi, L. Zhou, J. Wang, Q. Ma, Y. Cao, D. Rodan‐Legrain, Y. Bie, E. Navarro‐Moratalla, D. Klein, D. MacNeill, S. Wu, H. Kitadai, X. Ling, P. Jarillo‐Herrero, J. Kong, J. Yin, T. Palacios, “Deep‐Learning‐Enabled Fast Optical Identification and Characterization of 2D Materials”, Advanced Materials, 2020, in press (Link)

(58) N. Kumar, W.J. Wang, J.C. Ortiz-Marquez, M. Catalano, M. Gray, N. Biglari, K. Hikari, X. Ling, J.M. Gao, T. Opijnen and K.S. Burchǂ. “Dielectrophoresis assisted rapid, selective and single cell detection of antibiotic resistant bacteria with G-FETs”, Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 2020, in press (Link)

(57) J. Cao, T. Li, H. Gao, Y. Lin, X. Wang, H. Wang, T. Palacios & X. Lingǂ. “Realization of 2D Crystalline Metal Nitrides via Selective Atomic Substitution”, Science Advances, 2020, 6(2), eaax8784. (Link)


(56) W. Chen, N. Li , Y. Ma, M.L. Minus, K. Benson, X. Lu, X. Wang, X. Ling and H. Zhu, 2019. “Super Strong and Tough Hydrogel through Physical Crosslinking and Molecular Alignment.” Biomacromolecules2019, 20, 12, 4476-4484 (Link)

(55) N. Mao, X. Wang, Y. Lin, BG. Sumpter, Q. Ji , T. Palacios, S. Huang, V. Meunier, MS. Dresselhaus, WA. Tisdale, L. Liang, X. Lingǂ & J. Kong. “Direct Observation of Symmetry-Dependent Electron-Phonon Coupling in Black Phosphorus”, Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2019, 141, 48, 18994-19001. (Link)

(54) T. Damien, A. Cupo, X. Ling, and V. Meunier, “Phonon Anharmonicity in Few-Layer Black Phosphorus”, ACS Nano, 2019, 13, 9, 10456-10468. (Link)

(53) Y. Lin, Q. Ma, P.-C. Shen, B. Ilyas, Y. Bie, A. Liao, E. Ergeçen, B. Han, N. Mao, X. Zhang, X. Ji, Y. Zhang, J. Yin, S. Huang, M. Dresselhaus, N. Gedik, P. Jarillo-Herrero, X. LingǂJ. Kong, T. Palacios, Asymmetric hot-carrier thermalization and broadband photoresponse in graphene-2D semiconductor lateral heterojunctions“, Science Advances, 2019, 5 (6), eaav1493 (Link)

(52) H. Kitadai, X. Wang, N. Mao, S. Huang, and X. Lingǂ, “Enhanced Raman scattering on nine 2D van der Waals materials”, J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 2019, 10, 3043-3050 (Link)

(51) A. Silver, H. Kitadai, H. Liu, T. Granzier-Nakajima, M. Terrones, X. Ling, and S. Huang, “Chemical and bio sensing using graphene-enhanced Raman spectroscopy”, Nanomaterials, 2019, 9 (4), 516-536 (Link)

(50) Y. Guo, P.-C. Shen, C. Su, A.-Y. Lu, M. Hempel, Y. Han, Q. Ji, Y. Lin, E. Shi, E. McVay, L. Dou, D.A. Muller, T. Palacios, J. Li, X. Lingǂ, and J. Kong, “Additive manufacturing of patterned 2D semiconductor through recyclable masked growth”, Proc Natl Acad Sci, 2019,  (Link)

(49) X. Zhang, J. Grajal, J.L. Vazquez-Roy, U. Radhakrishna, X. Wang, W. Chern, L. Zhou, Y. Lin, , P.-C. Shen, X. Ji, X. Ling, A. Zubair, Y. Zhang, H. Wang, M. Dubey, J. Kong, M. Dresselhaus, and T. Palacios, “Two-dimensional MoS2-enabled flexible rectenna for Wi-Fi-band wireless energy harvesting”, Nature, 2019, 566, 368-372 (Link)

(48) T. Li, W. Luo, H. Kitadai, X. Wang, and X. Lingǂ, “Probing the domain architecture in 2D α‐Mo2C via polarized Raman spectroscopy”, Advanced Materials, 2019, 31 (8), 1807160 (Link)


(47) X. Wang, N. Mao, W. Luo, H. Kitadai, and X. Lingǂ, “Anomalous phonon modes in black phosphorus revealed by resonant Raman scattering”, J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 2018, 9 (11), 2830-2837 (Link)

(46) Y. Chen, S. X. Huang, X. Ji, K. K. Adepalli, K. Yin, X. Ling, X. Wang, J. Xue, M. S. Dresselhaus, J. Kong, and B. Yildiz, “Tuning electronic structure of single layer MoS2 through defect and interface engineering”, ACS Nano, 2018, 12 (3), 2569-2579 (Link)


(45) Q. Guo, G. Francisco, B. Deng, I. Sarpkaya, C. Li, C. Chen, X. Ling, J. Kong, and F. Xia, “Electrothermal control of graphene plasmon–phonon polaritons”, Advanced Materials, 2017, 29 (31), 1700566 (Link)

(44) S. X. Huang* & X. Ling*ǂ, “Black Phosphorus: Optical Characterization, Properties and Applications”, Small, 2017, 13, 1700823 (Link) (Invited Review)

(43) V. Valeš, P. Kovaříček, M. Fridrichová, X. Ji, X. Ling, J. Kong, M. S. Dresselhaus & M. Kalbáč, “Enhanced Raman scattering on functionalized graphene substrates”, 2D Materials, 2017, 4, 025087 (Link)

Before BU


(42) A. Nourbakhsh1, A. Zubair, R. N. Sajjad, A. Tavakkoli K. G., W. Chen, S. Fang, X. Ling, J. Kong, M. S. Dresselhaus, E. Kaxiras, K. K. Berggren, D. Antoniadis, and T. Palacios, “MoS2 field-effect transistor with sub-10-nm channel length”, Nano Lett., 2016, 16 (12), 7798-7806 (Link)

(41) V. Valeš, P. Kovaříček, X. Ji, X. Ling, J. Kong, M. S Dresselhaus, and M. Kalbáč, “Quenching of photoluminescence of Rhodamine 6G molecules on functionalized graphene”, Physica Status Solidi (b), 2016, 253 (12), 2347-2350 (Link)

(40) B. C. Deng, Q. S. Guo, C. Li, H. Z. Wang, X. Ling, D. B. Farmer, S. J. Han, J. Kong, and F. N. Xia, “Coupling-Enhanced Broadband Mid-infrared Light Absorption in Graphene Plasmonic Nanostructures”, ACS Nano, 2016, 10 (12), 11172-11178 (Link)

(39) X. Ling*, Y. X. Lin,*, Q. Ma, Z. Q. Wang, Y. Song, L.L. Yu, S. X. Huang, W. J. Fang, X. Zhang, Y.Q. Bie, A. X. L. Hsu, Y.-H. Lee, Y. M. Zhu, L. J. Wu, J. Li, P. Jarillo-Herrero, M. S. Dresselhaus, T. Palacios, and J. Kong, “Parallel stitching of two-dimensional materials”, Advanced Materials, 2016, 28, 2322-2329. (Link)

(38) X. Lingǂ, S. X. Huang, E. H. Hasdeo, L. B. Liang, W. M. Parkin, Y. Tatsumi, A. R. T. Nugraha, A. A. Puretzky,P. M. Das, B. G. Sumpter, D. B. Geohegan, J. Kong, R. Saito, M. Drndic, V. Meunier, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Anisotropic electron-photon and electron-phonon interactions in black phosphorus”, Nano Lett., 2016, 16, 2260-2267 (Link)

(37) S. X. Huang*, L. B. Liang*, X. Ling*ǂ, A. A. Puretzky, D. B. Geohegan, B. G. Sumpter, J. Kong, V. Meunier, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Low-frequency interlayer Raman modes to probe interface of twisted bilayer MoS2”, Nano Lett., 2016, 16 (2), 1435-1444 (Link)

(36) S. X. Huang, Y. Tatsumi, X. Lingǂ, H. H. Guo, Z. Q. Wang, G. Watson, A. A. Puretzky, D. B. Geohegan, J. Kong, J. Li, T. Yang, R. Saito, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “In-Plane Optical Anisotropy of Layered Gallium Telluride”, ACS Nano, 2016, 10 (9), 8964-8972 (Link)

(35) L. Yu, D. EI-Damak, U. Radhakrishna, X. Ling, A. Zubair, Y. X. Lin, Y. H. Zhang, M. H. Chuang, Y. H. Lee, D. Antoniadia, J. Kong, A. Chandrakasan, and T. Palacios, “Design, Modeling, and Fabrication of CVD Grown MoS2 Circuits with E-Mode FETs for Large-Area Electronics”, Nano Letters, 2016, 16 (10), 6349-6356 (Link)

(34) R. Saito, Y. Tatsumi, S. X. Huang, X. Ling, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Raman spectroscopy of transition metal dichalcogenides”, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 2016, 28 (35), 353002 (Link)

(33) P. M. Das, G. Danda, A. Cupo, W. M. Parkin, L. B. Liang, N. Kharche, X. Ling, S. X. Huang, M. S. Dresselhaus, V. Meunier, and M. Drndic, “Controlled Sculpture of Black Phosphorus Nanoribbons”, ACS Nano, 2016, 10 (6), 5687–5695 (Link)

(32) S. X. Huang, T. Ming, Y. X. Lin. X. Ling, Q. F. Ruan, T. Palacious, J. F. Wang, M. Dresselhaus, and J. Kong, “Ultrasmall Mode Volumes in Plasmonic Cavities of Nanoparticle-On-Mirror Structures”, 2016, Small, 12 (37), 5190-5199 (Link)


(31) X. Ling*, H. Wang, S. X. Huang, F. N. Xia, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “The renaissance of black phosphorus”, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 2015, 112 (15), 4523-4530 (Link)

(30)  X. Ling*, S. X. Huang, S. B. Deng, N. N. Mao, J. Kong, M. S. Dresselhaus, and J. Zhang, “Lighting up the Raman signal of molecules in the vicinity of graphene related materials”, Accounts of Chemical Research, 2015, 48 (7), 1862-1870 (Invited Review Article) (Link)

(29)  X. Ling*ǂ, L. B. Liang*, S. X. Huang, A. A. Puretzky, D. B. Geohegan, B. G. Sumpter, J. Kong, V. Meunier, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Low-frequency interlayer breathing modes in few-layer black phosphorus”, Nano Lett., 2015, 15(6), 4080-4088 (Link)

(28)  S. X. Huang*, X. Ling*ǂ, L. B. Liang, Y. Song, W. J. Fang, V. Meunier, J. Kong, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Molecular selectivity of graphene-enhanced Raman scattering”, Nano Lett., 2015, 15(5), 2892-2901 (Link)

(27)  J. J. Lin, L. B. Liang, X. Ling, S. Q. Zhang, N. N. Mao, N. Zhang, B. G. Sumpter, V. Meunier, L. M. Tong, and J. Zhang, “Enhanced Raman scattering on in-plane anisotropic layered materials” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2015, 137 (49), 15511-15517 (Link)

(26)  G. Akselrod, T. Ming, C. Argyropoulos, T. Hoang, Y. X. Lin, X. Ling, D. Smith, J. Kong, and M. Mikkelsen, “Leveraging nanocavity harmonics for control of optical processes in 2D semiconductors”, Nano Lett., 2015, 15 (5), 3578-3584 (Link)

(25)  W. J. Fang, A. Hsu, Y. C. Shin, A. Liao, S. X. Huang, Y. Song, X. Ling, M. S. Dresselhaus, T. Palacios, and J. Kong, “Application of tungsten as a carbon sink for synthesis of large-domain uniform monolayer graphene free of bilayers/multilayers”, Nanoscale, 2015, 7, 4929-4934 (Link)

(24)  S. Liu, X. Ling, C. Zhou, J. Zhang, J. Huang, and Y. Yan, “Combining superior surface enhanced Raman scattering and photothermal conversion in one-platform: a strategy of ill-defined gold nanoparticles”, RSC Adv., 2015, 5, 27120-27125 (Link)

(23)  A. Nourbakhsh, A. Zubair, S. X. Huang, X. Ling, M. S. Dresselhaus, J. Kong, S. D. Gendt, and T. Palacios, “15-nm channel length MoS2 FETs with single-and double-gate structures”, IEEE: VLSI Technology, Hsinchu, Taiwan (2015) (Link)

(22)  L. Yu, D. El-Damak, S. Ha, S. Rakheja, X. Ling, J. Kong, D. Antoniadis, A. Chandrakasan, and T. Palacios, “MoS2 FET fabrication and modeling for large-scale flexible electronics”, IEEE: VLSI Technology, Hsinchu, Taiwan (2015) (Link)


(21)  X. Ling*, Y-H. Lee, Y. Lin, W. Fang,L. Yu, M. S. Dresselhaus, and J. Kong, “The role of seeding promoter in MoS2 growth by chemical vapor deposition”, Nano Lett., 2014, 14 (2), 464–472 (Link)

(20) X. Lingǂ, W. J. Fang, Y. H. Lee, P. T. Araujo, X. Zhang, J. F. Rodriguez-Nieva, Y. X. Lin, J. Zhang, J. Kong, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Raman enhancement effect on two-dimensional layered materials: graphene, h-BN and MoS2”, Nano Lett., 2014, 14, 3033-3040 (Link)

(19) S. X. Huang*, X. Ling*ǂ, L. B. Liang, J. Kong, H. Terrones, V. Meunier, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Probing the interlayer coupling of twisted bilayer MoS2 using photoluminescence spectroscopy”, Nano Lett., 2014, 14 (10), 5500-5508 (Link)

(18) Y. X. Lin, X. Ling, L. L. Yu, S. X. Huang, A. Hsu, Y-H. Lee, J. Kong, and M. S. Dresselhaus & T. Palacios, “Dielectric screening of excitons and trions in single-layer MoS2”, Nano Lett., 2014, 14 (10), 5569-5576 (Link)

(17) L. L. Yu, Y-H. Lee, X. Ling, E. J. G. Santos, Y. C. Shin, Y. X. Lin, M. Dubey, E. Kaxiras, J. Kong, H. Wang, and T. Palacios, “Graphene-MoS2 hybrid technology for large-scale two-dimensional electronics”, Nano Lett., 2014, 14 (6), 3055-3063 (Link)

(16) C. H. Lui, A. J. Frenzel, D. V. Pilon, Y-H. Lee, X. Ling, G. M. Akselrod, J. Kong, and N. Gedik, “Trion induced negative photoconductivity in monolayer MoS2”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 2014, 113 (16), 166801 (Link)

(15) W. Li, A. G. Birdwell, M. Amani, R. A. Burke, X. Ling, Y. H. Lee, X. L. Liang, L. M. Peng, C. A. Richter, J. Kong, D. J. Gundlach, and N. Nguyen, “Broad band optical properties of large area monolayer CVD molybdenum disulfide”, Physical Review B, 2014, 90 (19), 195434 (Link)

(14) J. X. Wu, H. Xu, W. H. Mu, L. M. Xie, X. Ling, J. Kong, M. S. Dresselhaus, and J. Zhang, “Observation of low-frequency combination and overtone Raman modes in misoriented graphene”, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2014, 118 (7), 3636-3643 (Link)

(13) S. B. Deng, W. G. Xu, J. Y. Wang, X. Ling, J. X. Wu, L. M. Xie, J. Kong, M. S. Dresselhaus, and J. Zhang, “Direct measurement of the Raman enhancement factor of R6G on graphene under resonant excitation”, Nano Research, 2014, 7 (9), 1271-1279 (Link)


(12) X. Ling*, J. X. Wu, L. M. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Graphene-thickness dependent graphene enhanced Raman spectroscopy”, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2013, 117 (5), 2369-2376 (Link)

(11) W. G. Xu, J. Q. Xiao, Y. F. Chen, Y. B. Chen, X. Ling, and J. Zhang, “Graphene-veiled gold substrate for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy”, Advanced Materials, 2013, 25 (6), 928-933 (Link)

(10) Y-H. Lee, L. L. Yu, H. Wang, W. J. Fang, X. Ling, Y. M. Shi, C. –T. Lin, J.-K. Huang, M.-T. Chang, C.-S. Chang, M. S. Dresselhaus, T. Palacios, L.-J. Li, and J. Kong, “Synthesis and transfer of single-layer transition metal disulfides on diverse surfaces”, Nano Lett., 2013, 13, 1852-1857 (Link)

Before 2012

(9) X. Ling*, J. X. Wu, W. G. Xu, and J. Zhang, “Probing the effect of molecular orientation on the intensity of chemical enhancement using graphene enhanced Raman spectroscopy”, Small, 2012, 8 (9), 1365-1372 (Link)

(8) X. Ling*, L. G. Moura, M. A. Pimenta, and J. Zhang, “Charge transfer in graphene enhanced Raman scattering”, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2012, 116 (47), 25112-25118 (Link)

(7) X. Ling* and J. Zhang, “Investigation of the adsorption behavior of PbPc on graphene by Raman spectroscopy”, Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 2012, 28 (10), 2355-2362 (Link)

(6) W. G. Xu, X. Ling, J. Q. Xiao, M. S. Dresselhaus, J. Kong, H. X. Xu, Z. F. Liu, and J. Zhang, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy on a flat graphene surface”, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 2012, 109 (24), 9281-9286 (Link)

(5) X. Ling* and J. Zhang, “Interference phenomenon in graphene-enhanced Raman scattering”, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2011, 115, 2835-2840 (Link)

(4) X. Ling* and J. Zhang, “First-layer effect in graphene-enhanced Raman scattering”, Small, 2010, 6 (18), 2020-2025 (Link)

(3) X. Ling*, L. Xie, Y. Fang, H. Xu, H. Zhang, J. Kong, M. S. Dresselhaus, J. Zhang, and Z. F. Liu, “Can graphene be used as a substrate for Raman enhancement?”, Nano Lett., 2010, 10 (2), 553-561 (Link)

(2) L. M. Xie, X. Ling, Y. Fang, J. Zhang, and Z. F. Liu, “Graphene as a substrate to suppress fluorescence in resonance Raman spectroscopy”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2009, 131, 9890-9891 (Link)

(1) B. Gao, L. Jiang, X. Ling, J. Zhang, and Z. F. Liu, “Chirality-dependent Raman frequency variation of single-walled carbon nanotubes under uniaxial strain”, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2008, 112 (51), 20123-20125 (Link)