Current Research

I am currently working on two new projects.

Grown From War: The Great War Origins of Global Economic Governance (with Paul Poast) explores how wartime coalition members coordinate supply, the institutions set up to facilitate coordination, and the legacies of these institutions one the war ends. We begin our story with World War I and unpack the legacy of allied economic cooperation. Of the various economic resources needed by the allied powers, food supply was deemed critical. The strain of war compelled the major allied powers to experiment with various forms of institutionalized food cooperation, including the creation of international organizations possessing supranational authority. It was through this experimentation that the allied powers created the “Wheat Executive” in late 1916.  This body then served as the template for subsequent allied economic organizations, which were then reconstituted at the onset of World War II. Following the second World War, these economic institutions served as the blueprints for designing the international institutions that governed the global economy after 1945.

Belligerents in Battle (with Ryan Grauer) explores the conditions under which wartime coalition members fight together in battle. The study of coalitions at war has focused primarily on the creation, organization, and achievements in wars. Relatively little scholarly attention has been devoted to understanding how these collectives come together, operate, and perform in battle. To facilitate the systematic assessment of coalitions in battle we created a new dataset, Belligerents in Battle, that provides information on the identities, characteristics, and performance of all actors that fought, either alone or in combination, in major battles waged during conventional interstate wars between 1900 and 2003. The data reflects 948 belligerent sides in 474 battles and offers considerable insight into the creation, composition, operation, and capabilities of coalition forces. We then argue that war aims, stakes of the immediate battle, and logistical capacity shape when coalition members share battle space and fight together.